The Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement (SECURE) Act of 2019 (HR 1994) has passed the House of Representatives in a 417–3 vote on May 23. As amended by House Report 116-79, the bill would significantly revise numerous retirement plan rules.
Key changes would provide long-awaited nondiscrimination testing relief for closed defined benefit plans, promote “open” defined contribution (DC) multiple-employer plans, relax auto-enrollment rules and encourage lifetime-income options in DC plans. Other provisions aim to help individuals save more for retirement. For example, the bill would increase the starting age for required distributions from 70-1/2 to 72 and eliminate the ban on individuals contributing to an IRA after age 70-1/2.
The House-passed bill is almost identical to the version approved by the Ways and Means Committee in April (for an overview of that version, see this GRIST). But the amended bill has a few changes affecting retirement plans: The penalty for failing to file Form 5500 would increase to 10 times the original amount, and 457(b) plans would still have to make distributions at age 70-1/2.
The bill no longer contains a controversial provision expanding Section 529 savings accounts to cover home-schooling expenses. The SECURE Act now heads to the Senate, where the similar Retirement Enhancement Savings Act (RESA, S 972) sits with the Finance Committee.
- Estimated Budget Effects of HR 1994 (Joint Committee on Taxation, May 22, 2019)
- House Report 116-79, Amending SECURE Act (House, May 20, 2019)
- HR 1994, SECURE Act (Congress, May 16, 2019)
- Hearing on Challenges in the Retirement System (Senate Finance Committee, May 14, 2019)
- Present Law and Background Relating to Challenges in the Retirement System (Joint Committee on Taxation, May 10, 2019)
- S 972, RESA (Congress, April 1, 2019)
Mercer Law & Policy Resources
- Senate Reintroduces Expansive Retirement Bill (May 20, 2019)
- Retirement Bills Multiply in Congress (April 15, 2019)
- Bipartisan Retirement Reforms Pass Key House Panel (April 3, 2019)