The 1st US Circuit Court of Appeals recently upheld the dismissal of a class action lawsuit against Fidelity over “infrastructure fees” charged to third-party mutual funds on the company’s FundsNetwork investment platform. Fidelity describes the fee as compensation for the costs of maintaining the platform. But the plaintiffs alleged the fee is a “pay-to-play” charge for access to Fidelity’s retirement plan investors that violates Fidelity’s ERISA fiduciary duties. The threshold question in the case concerned whether Fidelity was a functional fiduciary when negotiating the fee. If not, no fiduciary breach could have occurred.
The appellate court, like the lower court, rejected all of the plaintiffs’ theories for fiduciary status: